Telstra is seeking voluntary redundancies from 120 of its network delivery workers in an effort to trim its technical workforce.
The telco said the program was aimed at reskilling its workers in software-defined networking.
"The next generation of technology brings the need for new skills focused on software-defined networks, rather than traditional construction of an infrastructure-based network," a spokesperson said.
"We acknowledge some of our people may not wish to undertake the reskilling required.
"We don't take decisions like this lightly, and over the last week we have been consulting with our people and unions to ensure we made the right decision for our employees, our customers, and our business."
However, the Communications Workers Union linked the voluntary redundancy program to Telstra's "failure" to win "any major part" of the NBN construction work.
Telstra missed out on the June 2015 $2 billion round of NBN construction contracts for 5.5 million premises, and the telco decided not to bid in the second set of network deployment contracts for one million premises at the end of last year.
Telstra still holds a $390 million design and planning deal with NBN Co, two contracts to fix faults on the copper network and wider NBN, and a $1.6 billion deal to help NBN Co deliver the telco's HFC network.
The CWU suggested at least some of the 120 positions targeted under the voluntary redundancy program would be outsourced.
It claimed Telstra was shooting itself in the foot in terms of potential for future NBN work.
"NBN’s rollout targets for the next two years are, to put it mildly, ambitious. Opportunities for Telstra to play a larger role in the construction of that network may well emerge during this period," the CWU said.
The CWU said Telstra would likely meet its target of 120 voluntary redundancies in the network delivery unit given the worker response to similar programs previously.