UWA deploys refrigerator for quantum research

 

Device enables experimentation near absolute zero temperature.

Western Australian researchers have deployed a custom-built refrigerator to investigate how quantum mechanics may be applied to future electronic devices.

The BlueFors dry dilution refrigerator was intended for experiments at extremely low temperatures, at which there would be minimal interference from environmental factors.

It had an interior temperature of less than eight thousandths of a degree above the coldest temperature possible – ‘absolute zero’, at -273 degrees Celcius.

Jointly funded by the University of Western Australia (UWA) and the Australian Research Council (ARC), the $400,000 machine was made in Finland and had $50,000 worth of rare, Helium 3 gas.

Michael Tobar, UWA node manager of the ARC’s Engineered Quantum Systems (EQuS) centre said he had requested such a machine for over a decade but funding was only granted when public awareness of applications like quantum computing grew.

“We’re not actually interested in a quantum computer,” he told iTnews, highlighting ARC’s separate Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology in Australia’s eastern states.

“We’re interested in engineering other devices which might be useful for the future ... new areas, rather than quantum computing and cryptography and all that.”

One such device could simulate photosynthesis, he said, referring to the chemical process by which plants converted light and carbon dioxide into oxygen and useable energy.

In 2007, biophysicists from the University of California, Berkeley, reported that photosynthesis was much more efficient than man-made solar cells because electrons used a natural equivalent of the quantum Grover’s algorithm.

“Photosynthesis is a quantum mechanical phenomenon,” Tobar said.

“We’re using all the same systems as a quantum computer, but building every type of system other than a quantum computer.”

With collaborators from the University of California, Santa Barbara, the EQuS team also planned to build the largest quantum machine to date.

Science magazine credited Santa Barbara physicist Aaron O’Connell and his colleagues with the 2010 Breakthrough of the Year for a micrometre-scale quantum machine. Tobar hoped to extend O’Connell’s principles to a “fist-sized” machine, about 50 millimetres wide.

Speaking at the TED conference last Wednesday, O’Connell described the resonator as a “diving board-shaped chunk of metal” that could simultaneously vibrate and not vibrate, in accordance with quantum theory.

O’Connell likened the experimental conditions – a vacuum at 0.025 of a degree Celcius above absolute zero (pdf) – to an empty elevator, in which a lone passenger could behave freely.

“[We kicked] out all the other passengers,” he said.  “All alone in an elevator, the little chunk of metal is free to act however it wants.”

Tobar described quantum mechanics as a “new and untapped resource” that could be linked with engineering, chemistry and biology to yield complex, multi-component systems.

“Long-standing questions in fundamental physics will be addressed ... and sophisticated technologies will be developed for 21st century Australian industries,” he stated.

Copyright © iTnews.com.au . All rights reserved.


UWA deploys refrigerator for quantum research
 
 
 
Top Stories
Meet FABACUS, Westpac's first computer
GE225 operators celebrate gold anniversary.
 
NSW Govt gets ready to throw out the floppy disks
[Opinion] Dominic Perrottet says its time for government to catch up.
 
iiNet facing new copyright battle with Hollywood
Fighting to protect customer details.
 
 
Sign up to receive iTnews email bulletins
   FOLLOW US...
Latest Comments
Polls
In which area is your IT shop hiring the most staff?




   |   View results
IT security and risk
  26%
 
Sourcing and strategy
  12%
 
IT infrastructure (servers, storage, networking)
  21%
 
End user computing (desktops, mobiles, apps)
  15%
 
Software development
  26%
TOTAL VOTES: 336

Vote
Would your InfoSec team be prepared to share threat data with the Australian Government?

   |   View results
Yes
  57%
 
No
  43%
TOTAL VOTES: 139

Vote