With Bitcoin's value reaching US$1,000 last week, the anonymous currency is becoming more attractive to would-be attackers. Ransomware attacks have risen more than ten-fold in the past two-and-a-half years, with 300,000 incidents in the last quarter, according to McAfee's third quarter threat report.
The rise of Bitcoin is not necessarily fuelling ransomware attacks, but is "certainly making the blackhats more secure in their anonymity", Clive Longbottom, founder of analyst firm Quocirca, said.
Ransomware attacks are "a fairly easy thing" made easier by inadequate anti-virus software, Longbottom said.
"Getting an email or social networking notice to a user with a link in it is pretty simple: the key is then to try and get the payload through any anti-virus systems in place. As so many users do not bother to implement anti-virus, and many more never update them, getting a payload in under the radar via a link is not as hard as trying to get it in through a direct payload."
The use of online payment methods makes the process of tracking the people behind attacks even more difficult, Marta Janus, security researcher at Kaspersky Lab, warned. "Bitcoin-based payment systems are a promising opportunity for both cyber criminals and traditional crooks, as the currency allows people to remain anonymous, at least as long as they are extremely careful.
"However, all Bitcoin transactions are stored publically, so the level of anonymity depends on how the user protects their own privacy," Janus adds.
Andrew Mason, co-founder and technical director of security and compliance company, RandomStorm said that the increase in ransomware attacks is caused by "increasingly sophisticated malware and people's willingness to open email attachments from untrusted sources, rather than the availability of any particular virtual currency."
"Businesses can avoid being caught out by ransomware through ongoing vulnerability management that includes monitoring for malware and educating employees on current scams to dissuade them from clicking on malicious attachments,” he added.